The Chicago Manual of Style documentation system is used in both the humanities and the social sciences. Inserted at the point of reference, an in-text parenthetical citation containing the author’s name and the date of publication interacts with the end documentation by pointing to a specific entry on the References List page. They do not replace entries found in the References List which contains the bibliographic information required to properly cite your sources. Check with your instructor on what is expected when you are asked to use this style. This guide is largely based on style recommendations from the 14th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style , however, you may also wish to consult the 6th edition of Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. In it you will find many corresponding or similar documentation patterns. Much like the APA, it emphasizes authors and dates of publication, both of which are important benchmarks denoting relevancy and validity in the social and the natural sciences.
It originated as a series of Sumerian legends and poems in cuneiform script dating back to the early 3rd or late 2nd millenium BCE , which were later gathered into a longer Akkadian poem the most complete version existing today, preserved on 12 clay tablets, dates from the 12th to 10th Century BCE. The story begins with the introduction of Gilgamesh , king of Uruk , two-thirds god and one-third human , blessed by the gods with strength, courage and beauty, and the strongest and greatest king who ever existed.
The great city of Uruk is also praised for its glory and its strong brick walls. However, the people of Uruk are not happy , and complain that Gilgamesh is too harsh and abuses his power by sleeping with their women. The goddess of creation, Aruru, creates a mighty wild-man named Enkidu , a rival in strength to Gilgamesh. He lives a natural life with the wild animals, but he soon starts bothering the shepherds and trappers of the area and jostles the animals at the watering hole.
Should I be citing the quote by including the translation date and the original The standard edition of the complete psychological works of.
Year of publication Title of book in italics. Place of publication: Publisher. The reference for this would be easily located in your reference list — see below for instruction. Use only the surname for subsequent mentions of the same author. If however, it is not appropriate to name the author or title of the poem for the purpose of your assignment, your citation should be formatted as below.
If a poem has stanzas, also use the stanza number in the citation to help direct the reader to the section you are citing.
How to Write a Poem: Easy Tips for Beginners
The Project is more than a magazine issue. The following standards-aligned activities draw from concepts in the essays, creative texts, photographs, and illustrations to engage students in creative and challenging ways. Doing so requires us to place the consequences of slavery and the contributions of black Americans at the very center of the story we tell ourselves about who we are as a country.
Step 1. Individually or in pairs, select one article from The Project that interests you. Make sure that you and your classmates are all exploring different texts.
narrative poem or prose piece from either that character’s point of view or create a The first part of this lesson is aligned to Ohio ELA Standards RL submission to electronic writing portfolio to share, publish, and assess at a later date.
The Standards also draw on the most important international models as well as research and input from numerous sources, including state departments of education, scholars, assessment developers, professional organizations, educators from kindergarten through college, and parents, students, and other members of the public.
In their design and content, refined through successive drafts and numerous rounds of feedback, the Standards represent a synthesis of the best elements of standards—related work to date and an important advance over that previous work. As specified by CCSSO and NGA, the Standards are 1 research and evidence based, 2 aligned with college and work expectations, 3 rigorous, and 4 internationally benchmarked.
A particular standard was included in the document only when the best available evidence indicated that its mastery was essential for college and career readiness in a twenty—first—century, globally competitive society. The Standards are intended to be a living work: as new and better evidence emerges, the Standards will be revised accordingly. The CCR Reading, Writing, and Speaking and Listening Standards, released in draft form in September , serve, in revised form, as the backbone for the present document.
Grade—specific K—12 standards in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language translate the broad and, for the earliest grades, seemingly distant aims of the CCR standards into age— and attainment—appropriate terms. Just as students must learn to read, write, speak, listen, and use language effectively in a variety of content areas, so too must the Standards specify the literacy skills and understandings required for college and career readiness in multiple disciplines.
States may incorporate these standards into their standards for those subjects or adopt them as content area literacy standards. As a natural outgrowth of meeting the charge to define college and career readiness, the Standards also lay out a vision of what it means to be a literate person in the twenty—first century. Indeed, the skills and understandings students are expected to demonstrate have wide applicability outside the classroom or workplace. Students who meet the Standards readily undertake the close, attentive reading that is at the heart of understanding and enjoying complex works of literature.
They habitually perform the critical reading necessary to pick carefully through the staggering amount of information available today in print and digitally.
Emily Dickinson left school as a teenager, eventually living a reclusive life on the family homestead. There, she secretly created bundles of poetry and wrote hundreds of letters. Due to a discovery by sister Lavinia, Dickinson’s remarkable work was published after her death — on May 15, , in Amherst — and she is now considered one of the towering figures of American literature.
Dickinson was born on December 10, , in Amherst, Massachusetts. Her family had deep roots in New England. Her paternal grandfather, Samuel Dickinson, was well known as the founder of Amherst College.
Quick Facts. Name: Emily Dickinson. Birth Date: December 10, Death Date: May 15, Did You Know? In addition to writing poetry.
The English writer and Anglican cleric John Donne is considered now to be the preeminent metaphysical poet of his time. He was born in to Roman Catholic parents, when practicing that religion was illegal in England. His work is distinguished by its emotional and sonic intensity and its capacity to plumb the paradoxes of faith, human and divine love, and the possibility of salvation.
For some 30 years after his death successive editions of his verse stamped his powerful influence upon English poets. During the Restoration his writing went out of fashion and remained so for several centuries. Throughout the 18th century, and for much of the 19th century, he was little read and scarcely appreciated. His prose remained largely unnoticed until Its extraordinary appeal to modern readers throws light on the Modernist movement, as well as on our intuitive response to our own times.
His high place in the pantheon of the English poets now seems secure.
No matter how your dates turn out, reading funny dating quotes can always keep you grounded and feel light-hearted. Someone once said that it is impossible to love and be wise at the same time. Sometimes being stupid and falling in love can make all the difference in your life. These funny dating quotes are for most everyone — whether you are going to your first date or have been through several relationships.
Rhyming poetry takes this to the next level, as one word selected to end Blank verse, for instance, is a poetic form that features rhythmic rules.
Traditional Japanese haiku consist of three phrases that contain a kireji , or “cutting word”,  17 on a type of Japanese phoneme in a 5, 7, 5 pattern,  and a kigo , or seasonal reference. However, modern haiku vary widely on how closely they follow these traditional elements. Haiku originated as an opening part of a larger Japanese poem, known as a renga. These haiku that were written as an opening stanza were known as hokku and eventually writers began to write them as their own stand-alone poems.
Haiku was given its current name by the Japanese writer Masaoka Shiki at the end of the 19th century. Originally from Japan, haiku today are written by authors worldwide. Haiku in English and haiku in other languages have their own styles and traditions while still incorporating aspects of the traditional haiku form. In Japanese, haiku are traditionally printed as a single line while haiku in English often appear as three lines. In Japanese haiku a kireji , or cutting word, typically appears at the end of one of the verse’s three phrases.
A kireji fills a role analogous to that of a caesura in classical western poetry or to a volta in sonnets. Depending on which cutting word is chosen, and its position within the verse, it may briefly cut the stream of thought, suggesting a parallel between the preceding and following phrases, or it may provide a dignified ending, concluding the verse with a heightened sense of closure.
The fundamental aesthetic quality of both hokku and haiku is that it is internally sufficient, independent of context, and will bear consideration as a complete work. However, renku typically employ kireji.
Whether the year, month and year, or complete date is cited depends on the information available, the type of source, and the use of the source. DiYanni, Robert, editor. Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, and Drama.
Such notices will indicate the date, time, and place of the meeting and will include an agenda. Close. State Board of Education · Contact ADE; Close. Parents &.
This is the oldest written story, period, anywhere, known to exist. The oldest existing versions of this poem date to c BC, in Sumerian cuneiform. The more complete versions date to c. The standard, first “complete” version, which includes the flood myth, is dated to c. The invention of writing took place here c. By way of comparison: Abraham, the first of the Jewish Prophets the first “Jew” , is believed to have have lived around BC.
Moses is believed to have led his people out of Egypt between BC. Influence: Although the texts themselves were lost for thousands of years, the story had spread throughout Asia and Europe. Greeks and Romans continued to refer to King Gilgamesh as late as AD, written versions of the story seem to have disappeared perhaps as early as BC. The story itself was not unearthed until , by a British archeologist, Austen Layard, who helped rediscovered these lost civilizations.
Chapter The strands focus on academic oracy proficiency in oral expression and comprehension , authentic reading, and reflective writing to ensure a literate Texas. The strands are integrated and progressive with students continuing to develop knowledge and skills with increased complexity and nuance in order to think critically and adapt to the ever-evolving nature of language and literacy.
When writing a Shakespearean-style sonnet, there are various rules you need to keep in mind. Select a subject to write your poem about (Shakespearean sonnets are traditionally grounded as And summer’s lease hath all too short a date.
The title and statement of responsibility. Field consists of the title proper and may also contain alternative title, parallel title s , other title information, the remainder of the title page transcription, and statement s of responsibility. For archival materials, the title statement is defined as the name by which the material is known. The descriptive cataloging conventions used to create the record influence the use and placement of subfields. Use of tags and subfields should follow the intent of the descriptive conventions.
Use the following guidelines:. No added entry.